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A Drug Test Timeline

History

2002
Jan 30

In the Board of Education v. Earls the U.S. Supreme Court expands suspicionless student drug testing for all students who wish to participate in any extracurricular activities

Seal_of_the_USA_Court

The U.S. Supreme Court approves an major expansion of suspicionless..Read More

Jan 30

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 authorizes for the first time federal funds for school drug testing

No_Child_Left_Behind_Act

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, making this the..Read More

Jul 22

Following Earls student Drug Testing Skyrockets

Seal_of_the_United_States_Supreme_Court

DATIA surveyed its members to determine the extent of increased..Read More

Jul 22

Annual Drug Testing Revenues Top $700 million dollars

Drug Testing Service

According to US News & World Report 20 to 25..Read More

1998
Jul 22

It is estimated that the United States spends $1 billion annually to drug test about 20 million federal workers

Flag of the United States

It is estimated that the United States spends $1 billion..Read More

Jul 22

The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly approves legislation encouraging states to drug test all teenage driver’s license applicants

United_States_Congress

The U.S. Congress overwhelmingly approved legislation encouraging states to drug..Read More

1996
Jul 22

The Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1998

drug-free-workplace

The Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1998 provides federal funds to..Read More

Jul 22

The Drug Free Workplace Act

drug-free-workplace

Congress passes the Drug Free Workplace Act requiring companies awarded..Read More

1995
Jul 22

Anheuser Busch, makers of Budweiser beer, Miller beer, and many other brands, begins a policy of drug-testing in the workplace

Anheuser-Busch Logo

In a notable irony, Anheuser Busch, makers of Budweiser beer,..Read More

Jul 22

The Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association ( DATIA) is founded.

DATIA

DATIA, The Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association, is founded..Read More

Jul 22

Psychemedics introduces a personal hair testing service for parents

Psychemedics Logo

Psychemedics introduced the PDT-90® personal drug testing service for parents..Read More

Jul 22

Psychemedics has over 2,000 corporate customers nationwide

Psychemedics

Psychemedics has over 2,000 corporate customers nationwide, numerous police departments,..Read More

1992
Jul 22

$77,000 per Drug Test!!!

Drug Test

A congressional committee estimated that the cost of each positive..Read More

Jul 22

The U.S. Supreme Court allows the Veronia School District in the State of Washington to require suspicionless, mass urinalysis for high school and junior high school athletes.

The U.S. Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Courts, citing a drug crisis that has..Read More

1991
Jul 22

The American Civil Liberties Union recommends Impairment Testing as a reasonable alternative to urinalysis and hair testing.

ACLU Logo

Realizing that an impairment-free standard must be maintained for certain..Read More

Jul 22

Congress requires random drug testing for any U.S. Worker in safety sensitive positions

DOT Drug Test

Congress requires random drug testing for any U.S. Worker in..Read More

Jul 22

Blockbuster pays itself almost $800,0000.

Psychemedics Twitter Logo

Blockbuster pays Pychemedics $790,000 for hair testing services.    ..Read More

1990
Jul 22

The Society of Forensic Toxicology [SOFT] does not endorse the stand-alone use of hair analysis.

soft_rwd Logo

The Society of Forensic Toxicology [SOFT] conference produces a “consensus..Read More

Jul 22

Ninety-eight percent of the Fortune 200 companies have implemented some form of drug testing

drug testing

Corporate drug testing has burgeoned. Ninety-eight percent of the Fortune..Read More

Jul 22

In a landmark case, a Federal Judge Jack Weinstein ruled that hair testing was “effective and accurate.”

jack b weinstein

In a landmark case, Judge Jack Weinstein, who participated in..Read More

1988
Jul 22

Blockbuster Entertainment mandates pre-employment hair testing for all job applicants in their stores nationwide

Blockbuster_LLC

Blockbuster Entertainment mandates pre-employment hair testing for all job applicants..Read More

Jul 22

Pharmaceutical giant Hoffman-la Roche launches “Corporate Initiatives for a Drug-Free Workplace”

Roche Tower

Pharmaceutical giant Hoffman-la Roche launches a nationwide program called “Corporate..Read More

Jul 22

The U.S. Supreme Court, citing the administrative search exception, finds a limited application of suspicionless government drug testing constitutional for the first time.

The United States Supreme Court

The United States Supreme Court, citing the administrative search exception,..Read More

1987
Jul 22

The U.S. Court of Appeals, citing the administrative search exception, finds urine testing of nuclear power plant employees to be constitutional

The US Court

The United States Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals, citing the..Read More

Jul 22

Pychemedics begins to market hair testing commercially

Market-Hair-Testing

Pychemedics begins to market hair testing commercially. Pychemedics Board of..Read More

1986
Jul 22

The U.S. Court of Appeals, citing the administrative search exception, approve mass urinalysis procedures in the public workplace

The US Court

The United State’s Third Circuit Court of Appeals, citing the..Read More

Jul 22

President Reagan requires federal agencies to institute urine testing programs

President Reagan

President Ronald Reagan issued Executive Order 12564 requiring federal agencies..Read More

1985
Jul 22

By 1985 urine-testing was a $100 million business

1985 urine-testing

Although the Fourth Amendment protects the privacy rights of citizens..Read More

1983
Jul 22

Corporate Drug Testing is in its Infancy

Breathalyzer_on_citizen

Only 3% of the Fortune 200 companies are testing job..Read More

1982
Jul 22

President Ronald Reagan declares War on Drugs

Ronald_Reagan

Urine trouble now!              ..Read More

1978
Jul 22

Werner Baumgartner pioneers a hair-testing technique to test for the presence of drugs

Human Hair SEM

Werner Baumgartner pioneers a hair-testing technique to test for the..Read More

1975
Jul 22

The U.S. Supreme Court allows an “administrative search exception” to the Fourth Amendment with regard to random drug testing of military personnel

Supreme Court of the United States

The U.S. Supreme Court declared constitutional an “administrative search exception”..Read More

1971
Jul 22

The Pentagon prepares to random drug test soldiers returning from Vietnam

The Pentagon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOukOqdudHk Acting on recommendations from the White House, the Pentagon..Read More

1969
Jan 30

Washington, D.C. Department of Corrections tests the urine of 129 District prisoners

Urine Test

Washington, D.C. Department of Corrections tests the urine of 129..Read More

1967
Jan 30

Candidate Richard Nixon declares law-and-order the number one goal of his proposed administration

Richard Nixon

Seeking election to the Presidency, candidate Richard Nixon declares law-and-order..Read More

1789
Jan 30

The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution

Fourth Amendment

“The Right of the People to Be Secure in Their..Read More